Defects in the hemoglobin molecules inside red blood cells
Defects of the proteins that make up the internal framework of red blood cells
Medication side effects
Reactions to blood transfusions
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your doctor or nurse if you have:
Symptoms of anemia, including pale skin or fatigue, especially if these symptoms get worse
Urine that is red, red-brown, or brown (tea-colored)
What to Expect at Your Office Visit
Emergency treatment may be necessary. This may include a hospital stay, oxygen, blood transfusions, and other treatments.
When your condition is stable, your doctor or nurse will perform a physical examination and ask about your medical history and symptoms. The physical exam may occasionally show swelling of the spleen (splenomegaly).
Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Florida Cancer Specialists & Research Institute, Wellington, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.